One of the most famous mathematicians of the ancient world was Pythagoras of Samos (that town has now been renamed Pythagorion in his honor), born around 569 BCE.  Much mystery surrounds the early life of Pythagoras and it is sometimes difficults to separate fact from legend.  It is believe that around the age of nine, Pythagoras may have traveled to Miletos and was taught by the famous Greek philosopher Thale
s and his pupil Anaximander.  Later on, around 535 BCE it is likely that he traveled to Egypt and Babylon where he was taught geometrical principles that laid the foundation for his theorems.

In about 518 BCE Pythagoras settled in Cronton, a Greek seaport in southern Italy, where he founded a school dedicated to studying mathematics.

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