History of Science – Timeline

1.5 Million – 400,000 Years Ago: Fire Power

Sometime in our ancestor’s very ancient past, and certainly by 400,000 years ago, fire came under human control.
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5500 BCE – 5000 BCE: Metallurgy

Metallurgy provided usages and advancements in the production of weapons and armor, tools, utensils, and pottery.
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3500 BCE: The Wheel

The wheel has played a significant part in shaping history and had a variety of early uses and forms including the potters wheel, being used in watermill turbines, transportation, plowing for agriculture, and function as a cogwheel for gears.
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3000 BCE – 600 BCE: Early Medicine and the Hippocratic Oath

The earliest forms of prehistoric medicines (before the written word) were probably various herbs used by shamans or medicine men to heal the diseased person.  Fire was also likely used for sterilizing and closing wounds.
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800 BCE – 200 BCE: Gears

An important technology in allowing people do to work was the invention of the gear, a system consisting of cogs that takes energy from an input source, such as flowing water, and convert it to an output source, such as a pump.
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900: Gunpowder

Gunpowder was invented in China and spread to the Middle East, eventually arriving in Europe around 1300, nearly 400 years after its invention.
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1450: The Printing Press

A vital precursor to the scientific revolution, the invention of the printing press changed the way information spread across the world by improving its fidelity and, most importantly, by hastening its rate of reproduction.
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1543: On the Revolutions of Celestial Spheres

The Earth-centered universe was the prevailing wisdom of Medieval Europe until a Polish scholar named Nicolaus Copernicus suggested otherwise in his 1543 book, On the Revolutions of Celestial Spheres.
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1610: The Starry Messenger

Published by Galileo Galilei on March 13, 1610, Sidereus Nuncius (or Starry Messenger) revealed to the world Galileo’s observations as he view the night sky through his improved telescope.
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